Creating stability in foreign nations
Working to end global poverty improves American national security bycreating stability in foreign nations. It also improves the American economy by increasing the purchasing power of people abroad,providing them with the capability purchase American goods.
Does global poverty cause conflict and unrest?
Global poverty causes conflict and perpetuates it. While the United States has the strongest military in the world, it can only react to dangers as they arise. Increased spending for foreign assistance would improve national security by reducing the likelihood of conflict and unrest. That’s a sentiment that President Obama agrees with as well.
Who wants global poverty addressed?
The U.S. Military Wants Global Poverty Addressed. The Secretary of Defense: Former Secretary of Defense, Robert Gates emerged as one of the strongest advocates for increased development funding.
What is the United States’ national security strategy for the poor?
Improving conditions for the world’s poor is a cornerstone of the United States National Security Strategy. The Pentagon’s “3Ds” for protecting the United States are: Defense, Development and Diplomacy.
How can soft power improve national security?
In a similar way, soft power can improve national security. In a world that is increasingly democratic and interconnected, national reputation has grown in importance. Through soft power, a country can seek to influence world opinion to prevent acts of aggression or terrorism.
What did Charlie Wilson do after the Soviet Union left Afghanistan?
After the Soviet Union left Afghanistan in the late 1980s, Congressman Charlie Wilson unsuccessfully pleaded with Congress to build schools and improve conditions for people in Afghanistan. In a scene depicted in the Tom Hanks movie Charlie Wilson’s War, the Congressman foreshadows that no good can come from allowing a population of millions of young, hopeless people to live in squalor. In the following years, extremism engulfed Afghanistan and the Taliban took control of the country providing Osama bin Laden and al-Qaeda with a safe haven to operate and plan the 9/11 attacks.
What did the Generals say about diplomacy?
The Generals noted that investments, non-military tools of development, and diplomacy foster economic and political stability on a global scale. It also strengthens our allies and fights the spread of poverty, disease, terrorism and weapons of mass destruction. (USGLC)
Who said the U.S. can’t win today’s national security challenges with force and military might alone?
Former Secretary of Defense, Robert Gates repeatedly said that the U.S. can’t win today’s national security challenges with force and military might alone. Former Secretary of Defense, Chuck Hagel added the importance of using all of America’s tools stating, “America’s role in the world should reflect the hope and promise of our country, …
What are the causes of T errorism?
Causes of T errorism The three elements common to all terrorism are: (1) a grievance that the terrorists are protesting and perhaps trying to resolve; (2) an ideology or set of beliefs that identify and explain the grievance and what to do about it; and (3) a belief that terrorism can contribute to that grievance’s solution. (I am including neither criminal and drug networks nor warlords in my collection of terrorists. Although categories may blur at times, these latter groups operate primarily for their own gain rather than to address a real or perceived societal wrong.) Terrorist grievancesare often over land, assets, or other resources—in essence, who should control them. Grievances can also be over values—for example, the perception that an ethnic, religious, or political organization is encroaching on others’ rights or that a society is flawed in some fundamental way and must be reformed. These grievances may be real (as in Kashmir or Israel) or imagined (as in the case of Timothy McVeigh or Aum Shinrikyo). Terrorist ideologiesmay be based on ethnicity, nationalism, religion, or the worldview of a charismatic terrorist leader. And terrorists actbecause they think they can achieve their goals—usually in the hope that the state in which they act will be too weak to apprehend them or prevent such acts in the future. Poverty and T errorism Despite the assumptions often made in the wake of the attacks of September 11 that world poverty was somehow a source or motivation for those attacks, terrorist grievances almost never include poverty. Others (especially in Europe) argue that poverty breeds the discontent that leads to terrorism. This argument is much like one heard during the Cold War—that poverty bred discontent and discontent increased the allure of communism, or led to chaos that opened opportunities for communist gains. Eliminating poverty was, therefore, important to eliminate the causes of discontent, violence, radicalism, and (now) terrorism. But if either of these causal chains were true, much of the world would surely now be communist- dominated or engulfed by terror and violence. So the relationship between poverty, terrorism, and ultimately U.S. national security is not a simple and direct one. Might there be more subtle and indirect ties between poverty in the world and security in the United States? Certainly, the vast differences in wealth, education, health, and life prospects among and within countries can feed a general sense of social injustice and righteous anger on the part of those—often youth— who are sensitive to such issues. But while this sense of social injustice may trigger anti- globalization protests, it does not appear to be sufficient by itself to promote organized violence against symbols of wealth. In some cases there does appear to be an indirect relationship between poverty and the poor governance (corruption, exclusion, and repression) that can lead to civil violence and state collapse. These conditions, in turn, can spread throughout a region, producing widespread insecurity and possibly creating havens for terrorists or criminals who can organize and attack targets elsewhere, including in the United States. These conditions of civil violence and state collapse do tend to concentrate in poor countries (especially in Africa) such as Somalia, Liberia, Sierra Leone, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Sudan. However, not all cases of civil violence and state collapse occur in the poorest countries (see Colombia, Algeria, and Chechnya), and not all poor countries suffer from such violence—suggesting that poverty is far from being a direct trigger of these problems. But it may be difficult to hold governments accountable in places where populations lack education and information
Why did the 2002 NSS depreciate the conventional military threats of the past?
Secondly, the 2002 NSS characterization of the threats posed to the United States deliberately depreciates the conventional military threats of the past, most likely because there are no powerful states at the moment that seem willing or able to contest American power.
How does poverty affect the world?
It is also ethically and morally wrong that a large share of the world’s population suffers from poverty and hunger in a world as rich as ours. In addition, global poverty and its consequences are a tremendous human waste, reflected in reduced economic growth and development for all—poor and non-poor. No society—national or international— will be secure when material inequalities and material deprivations are as extreme as they now are. People without hope and with little or nothing to lose have little stake in the status quo. They are susceptible to terrorist appeals. As stated by U.S. President George W. Bush: “A world where some live in comfort and
What is the 2002 NSS?
he 2002 National Security Strategy of the United States(NSS) was a watershed document in a number of ways—including its assertion that addressing global poverty is important to U.S. national security. For example, the NSS Introduction by President George W. Bush stated that, while poverty does not directly lead to terrorism,“poverty, …
How much is agriculture subsidies?
Agricultural subsidies currently amount to roughly $1 billion per day —of which 80 percent is spent in industrialized nations.These subsidies are linked to quantity produced or area used for production—resulting in expanded production and further downward pressures on prices, which in turn lead to trade-distortion.
Why are poor states threatening to rich states?
Poor states are threatening to rich states because the weaknesses of poor states could be globalized, thereby destabilizing the entire international system.
What are the threats of poor states?
The threats posed by poor states are environmental, economic, and political. Environmental Threats The environmental threat posed by global poverty to the stability of the international system is obvious, direct, and dangerous. The NSS, however, mentions this threat only once and only peripherally.