Social Security numbers,also known as SSNs,are allocated through a process calledrandomizationthat was introduced in June 2011. This system retains the long-standing nine-digit format but assigns a number to each new Social Security cardholder randomly,eliminating methods that date to the inception of Social Security in the mid-1930s.
How are Social Security numbers determined?
Since 1972, numbers have been issued by the central office. The first three (3) digits of a person’s social security number are determined by the ZIP Code of the mailing address shown on the application for a social security number. Previously, prior to 1972, social security numbers were assigned by SSA field offices.
What is an SSN number?
An SSN is a unique identifier issued by the Social Security Administration (SSA). The number was originally a way for the government to keep track of your earnings and the money you paid into the Social Security program. But now, you can use it in a variety of ways:
What do the first 3 digits of a Social Security number mean?
The first three digits of a social security number denote the area (or State) where the application for an original Social Security number was filed. Within each area, the group number (middle two (2) digits) range from 01 to 99 but are not assigned in consecutive order.
How do I verify an employee’s social security number?
Employers, organizations or third-party submitters can verify Social Security numbers for wage reporting purposes only. The Social Security Number Verification Service – This free online service allows registered users to verify that the names and Social Security numbers of hired employees match Social Security’s records.
How to get a Social Security card?
If you’d like to learn more about the process, visit the Social Security Administration website. At the website, you can: 1 Get more information on how numbers are assigned and the randomization process 2 Find out where the offices are located near you and get directions using the office locator. Just enter your zip code. 3 Learn how to get cards and how to request replacement cards
How are the first three digits of a social security number determined?
The first three (3) digits of a person’s social security number are determined by the ZIP Code of the mailing address shown on the application for a social security number.
How many digits are in a social security number?
The Social Security number consists of nine (9) digits, usually written in the format – 1 2 3 – 4 5 – 6 7 8 9. The first three digits of a social security number denote the area (or State) where the application for an original Social Security number was filed. Within each area, the group number (middle two …
What is the purpose of the SSN?
Its primary purpose is tracking working individuals for taxation purposes and to track Social Security benefits. Since it was initially introduced, the SSN has become the primary national identification number, even though it was not originally intended to be used as a form of identification.
When did the SSA change the assignment process?
In 2011, the SSA changed the assignment process to a process known as SSN randomization. This process eliminates the geographical significance of the first three digits of the number. Below is an explanation of how the numbers were assigned under the old system that was in effect prior to 2011.
When did the SSA change the way they assign SSNs?
In 2011, the Social Security Administration (SSA) changed the way they assign Social Security Numbers (SSNs). The new method uses a process called “randomization” to assign SSNs. The Administration developed a new method to help protect the integrity of the SSN and to extend the longevity of the nine-digit SSN (instead of adding additional digits). …
What is a social security number?
In the United States, a Social Security number is a number issued to U.S. citizens, permanent residents, and people that are temporarily working in the country. The number is issued to an individual by the SSA, an agency of the federal government.
Why Do You Need One?
A Social Security number is important because you need it to get a job, collect Social Security benefits and get some other government services. You should keep your Social Security card in a safe place with your other important papers and avoid giving it out unnecessarily. Keep in mind that in many cases, even if you lost your card, you may not need a replacement. In most cases, simply knowing your Social Security number is enough. But if you do need a replacement, we make it easy.
What age do you need a driver’s license?
Are a U.S. citizen age 18 or older with a U.S. mailing address (this includes APO, FPO, and DPO addresses); Have a driver’s license or state-issued identification card from one of the many participating states or the District of Columbia.
What is a Social Security card?
Social Security Number and Card ( Subscribe) Your nine-digit Social Security number is your first and continuous connection with Social Security. It helps us identify and accurately record your covered wages or self-employment earnings.
Do you need proof of SSN for a replacement driver’s license?
Note: For evidence for Department of Motor Vehicles/Driver’s License (REAL ID): Federal law (REAL ID) no longer requires states to see proof of your Social Security number (SSN), though some states may still choose to require proof.
Does Social Security give free services?
Some businesses offer Social Security name changes or cards for a fee. Social Security provides those services and more for free. Do not pay for something we will give you free. Social Security is the best place to get information about Social Security.
DID YOU KNOW?
The “Area Number” (the first 3 numbers) of Social Security # is never expected to be assigned 000 or 666.
Why is there a group number?
The group number was actually created to help SSA employers whose records at that time were kept in filing cabinets, so that finding anything required very specific coding.
How many Social Security numbers are there?
At present, the SSA has distributed some 450 million numbers and has some 420 million numbers available for distribution. So it’s likely the system will be around for awhile. Unfortunately, because data entry has sometimes been done by people, one study showed many people have multiple Social Security numbers associated with their names and many Social Security numbers are associated with up to five people. No system is foolproof. But most people have only one Social Security number that can be used to ensure they receive the benefits they have worked toward all their lives.
What numbers do they switch to when they issue 555-09?
When they’ve issued 555-09, they would switch to even numbers from 10 through 98, such as 555-10, 555-12. Once they run out of these numbers, they switch to even groups 02-08, followed by odd groups 11-99.
How many Social Security numbers were sent to the post office?
After a lot of deliberation and debate about how to distribute Social Security numbers to the workers of America, it was decided to send out 10,000 numbers to each post office in the country to distribute to people registering for the Old Age Pension fund. In general, the lower numbers were given on the east coast and the numbers rose the farther west the post office was. As you can imagine, some post offices ran out of numbers faster than others.
What are the first three numbers in a Social Security number?
The first three numerals in a Social Security number are called the Area Number . The area number doesn’t correlate with where the worker lives. Initially it might have been designed to do so, but it didn’t really turn out that way.
What is the sequence number 729-733?
More recently, numbers 729-733 were allocated to the Department of Homeland Security to be issued through the Enumeration at Entry program.
How are the first three digits of a social security number determined?
The first three (3) digits of a person’s social security number are determined by the ZIP Code of the mailing address shown on the application for a social security number. Prior to 1973, social security numbers were assigned by our field offices. The number merely established that his/her card was issued by one of our offices in that State. See also High Group List of SSN’s.
What does it mean when you see the same area of social security numbers more than once?
The same area, when shown more than once, means that certain numbers have been transferred from one State to another, or that an area has been divided for use among certain geographic locations.
When did Social Security change the assignment process?
On June 25, 2011, Social Security changed the SSN assignment process. The information below explains how we established and issued SSNs prior to the new SSN assignment process. We continue to provide it strictly for historical and informational purposes. Please see SSN Randomization for more information on Social Security’s new assignment process and how it may affect you.
Is a number beginning with 000 a valid SSN?
Any number beginning with 000 will NEVER be a valid SSN.
What is a Social Security number?
So, what is it? An SSN is a unique identifier issued by the Social Security Administration (SSA).
What do the numbers in your Social Security number mean?
The digits in your SSN have a unique configuration. What Social Security numbers mean isn’t a secret—but it isn’t very well known.
What does the area number mean on Social Security?
Your area number may indicate the state from which your SSN was issued or the ZIP code you used to apply if the SSA issued your number before 2011. However, since the change to a randomized system in 2011, there’s no Social Security number decoder or way to decipher what the numbers mean.
Why do we use middle two numbers?
Because the SSA issued SSNs before the era of computers, program administrators used the middle two numbers to organize the records into sub-groups. Each group number pointed to a specific area of filing cabinets, making the records easier to manage.
What do the first 3 digits of your Social Security mean?
The system changed again in 2011. What do the first 3 digits of your Social Security mean now? Nothing. SSNs are assigned using “randomization,” and the numbers are not tied to a specific location.
What is the last piece of the SSN puzzle?
The last piece of the SSN puzzle is the serial number . The serial number is the last four digits of your SSN.
What is the middle number of a SSN?
Group numbers are the two digits in the middle of your SSN. Your group number can range from 01 to 99. So, what do the middle numbers in Social Security mean?