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how do they issue social security numbers

how do they issue social security numbers插图

Social Security numbers,also known as SSNs,are allocated through a process calledrandomizationthat was introduced in June 2011. This system retains the long-standing nine-digit format but assigns a number to each new Social Security cardholder randomly,eliminating methods that date to the inception of Social Security in the mid-1930s.

How can you verify your Social Security number?

The proof will likely have your SSN on it.They can ask for proof of bank account information with your written permission which will likely include your SSN for the bank to verify your identity.They may also ask for copies of your tax return which will have your SSN or TIN (Taxpayer Identification Number).More items…

What should I do if I think someone is using my Social Security number?

The most common way to catch unauthorized activity is by checking your credit information. If an account appears that you did not initiate,someone is using your Social Security number. You can check your credit score using a third-party service like Credit Karma or check with your credit card company to see if they have such a feature.

How to check Social Security number?

The quickest thing to do is find your Social Security card so that you can read your number from it. If you have misplaced or lost your card, then you should check your tax returns, W-2, or bank statements to locate your number. These documents will often contain your number.

Do you need a Social Security number?

eligibility for Social Security benefits. You need an SSN to work, collect Social Security benefits, and receive other government services. Lawfully admitted noncitizens can get many benefits and services without an SSN. You don’t need a number to get a driver’s license, register for school, get private health insurance,

How are the first three digits of a social security number determined?

The first three (3) digits of a person’s social security number are determined by the ZIP Code of the mailing address shown on the application for a social security number. Prior to 1973, social security numbers were assigned by our field offices. The number merely established that his/her card was issued by one of our offices in that State. See also High Group List of SSN’s.

What does it mean when you see the same area of social security numbers more than once?

The same area, when shown more than once, means that certain numbers have been transferred from one State to another, or that an area has been divided for use among certain geographic locations.

When did Social Security change the assignment process?

On June 25, 2011, Social Security changed the SSN assignment process. The information below explains how we established and issued SSNs prior to the new SSN assignment process. We continue to provide it strictly for historical and informational purposes. Please see SSN Randomization for more information on Social Security’s new assignment process and how it may affect you.

Is a number beginning with 000 a valid SSN?

Any number beginning with 000 will NEVER be a valid SSN.

Why was race important to Social Security?

Race was considered a necessary piece of information for actuarial purposes because of differences in life expectancy among different races. However, the Board decided to use the term "color" rather than race on the original Form SS-5 application for an SSN (McKinley and Frase 1970, 325–326).

How are area numbers assigned?

The 3-digit area number is assigned by geographic region . In 1936 the Social Security Board planned eventually to use area numbers to redistribute work to its 12 regional centers to serve workers in those areas. One or more area numbers were allocated to each state based on the anticipated number of SSN issuances in the state. 3 Prior to 1972, the numbers were issued to local offices for assignment to individuals; it was thought this would capture information about the worker’s residence. So, until 1972, the area number represented the state in which the card was issued. (Barron and Bamberger 1982, 29).

How many digits are in a SSN?

Today we take the 9-digit composition of the SSN as a given, but in 1935 and 1936 many other schemes were considered. In early November 1935, the Social Security Board adopted an identifier composed of 3 alphabetic characters representing geographic areas and 5 numeric characters.

What is the purpose of the SSN?

At its inception, the SSN ‘s only purpose was to uniquely identify U.S. workers, enabling employers to submit accurate reports of covered earnings for use in administering benefits under the new Social Security program. That is still the primary purpose for the SSN.

Why did the USES decline the registration process?

The Board first approached the USES about assuming the registration workload, but in early May 1936 USES declined because President Roosevelt was hoping for an upswing in industrial production that autumn, and USES wanted its personnel to concentrate on its job placement service. The Census Bureau also declined, citing legal restrictions on the disclosure of its information to other agencies and confidentiality promises to the public that census information would be used for statistical purposes only (McKinley and Frase 1970, 338–339).

When was the SSN created?

Introduction. The Social Security number ( SSN) was created in 1936 for the sole purpose of tracking the earnings histories of U.S. workers, for use in determining Social Security benefit entitlement and computing benefit levels. Since then, use of the SSN has expanded substantially.

When was the Agricultural Adjustment Act declared invalid?

Additionally, the U.S. Supreme Court declared the Agricultural Adjustment Act invalid in January 1936, raising the possibility that the Social Security Act might also be declared unconstitutional (McKinley and Frase 1970, 22–23; SSA 1952).

How to get a Social Security card?

If you’d like to learn more about the process, visit the Social Security Administration website. At the website, you can: 1 Get more information on how numbers are assigned and the randomization process 2 Find out where the offices are located near you and get directions using the office locator. Just enter your zip code. 3 Learn how to get cards and how to request replacement cards

How are the first three digits of a social security number determined?

The first three (3) digits of a person’s social security number are determined by the ZIP Code of the mailing address shown on the application for a social security number.

How many digits are in a social security number?

The Social Security number consists of nine (9) digits, usually written in the format – 1 2 3 – 4 5 – 6 7 8 9. The first three digits of a social security number denote the area (or State) where the application for an original Social Security number was filed. Within each area, the group number (middle two …

What is the purpose of the SSN?

Its primary purpose is tracking working individuals for taxation purposes and to track Social Security benefits. Since it was initially introduced, the SSN has become the primary national identification number, even though it was not originally intended to be used as a form of identification.

When did the SSA change the assignment process?

In 2011, the SSA changed the assignment process to a process known as SSN randomization. This process eliminates the geographical significance of the first three digits of the number. Below is an explanation of how the numbers were assigned under the old system that was in effect prior to 2011.

When did the SSA change the way they assign SSNs?

In 2011, the Social Security Administration (SSA) changed the way they assign Social Security Numbers (SSNs). The new method uses a process called “randomization” to assign SSNs. The Administration developed a new method to help protect the integrity of the SSN and to extend the longevity of the nine-digit SSN (instead of adding additional digits). …

What is a social security number?

In the United States, a Social Security number is a number issued to U.S. citizens, permanent residents, and people that are temporarily working in the country. The number is issued to an individual by the SSA, an agency of the federal government.


The “Area Number” (the first 3 numbers) of Social Security # is never expected to be assigned 000 or 666.

Why is there a group number?

The group number was actually created to help SSA employers whose records at that time were kept in filing cabinets, so that finding anything required very specific coding.

How many Social Security numbers are there?

At present, the SSA has distributed some 450 million numbers and has some 420 million numbers available for distribution. So it’s likely the system will be around for awhile. Unfortunately, because data entry has sometimes been done by people, one study showed many people have multiple Social Security numbers associated with their names and many Social Security numbers are associated with up to five people. No system is foolproof. But most people have only one Social Security number that can be used to ensure they receive the benefits they have worked toward all their lives.

What numbers do they switch to when they issue 555-09?

When they’ve issued 555-09, they would switch to even numbers from 10 through 98, such as 555-10, 555-12. Once they run out of these numbers, they switch to even groups 02-08, followed by odd groups 11-99.

How many Social Security numbers were sent to the post office?

After a lot of deliberation and debate about how to distribute Social Security numbers to the workers of America, it was decided to send out 10,000 numbers to each post office in the country to distribute to people registering for the Old Age Pension fund. In general, the lower numbers were given on the east coast and the numbers rose the farther west the post office was. As you can imagine, some post offices ran out of numbers faster than others.

What are the first three numbers in a Social Security number?

The first three numerals in a Social Security number are called the Area Number . The area number doesn’t correlate with where the worker lives. Initially it might have been designed to do so, but it didn’t really turn out that way.

What is the sequence number 729-733?

More recently, numbers 729-733 were allocated to the Department of Homeland Security to be issued through the Enumeration at Entry program.

Why are social security numbers important?

When economist Edwin Witte helped develop the Social Security Act of 1935, the numbers were solely a way to keep track of the new retirement payment system .

How many people were on the Social Security rolls in 1900?

Clerks working in the U.S. Census Bureau office at St. Louis, cataloguing the names of the 75,994,575 Americans listed in the 1900 census, which was used to determine the Social Security rolls. (Credit: Bettmann/Getty Images)

What is the role of the post office in Social Security?

While the Social Security Board was still setting up offices around the country, the Post Office played a huge administrative role by distributing and collecting applications and generating Social Security numbers.

Why are federal employees not eligible for Social Security?

Domestic workers, agricultural workers, and small business employees were ineligible, and federal employees weren’t part of the program because they already had government pensions for retirement. The program mainly targeted large, private companies, requiring them to offer Social Security to their employees .

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Twice a week we compile our most fascinating features and deliver them straight to you.

Do you have to provide your child’s SSN on taxes?

first passed the act, only adults could sign up for Social Security. But by 1989, when the Enumeration at Birth program made it easier for parents to apply for babies’ SSNs as soon as they’re born, that had all changed. Today, Witte notes that you have to provide your children’s SSN in order to claim them as a dependent on your taxes.

When was the first SSN issued?

Despite some Republicans’ contention that it was government overreach, the Social Security Act passed in the Democrat-led Congress in August 1935; and “the first SSN was issued sometime in mid-November 1936 ,” says Dorothy J. Clark, a Social Security spokesperson. pinterest-pin-it.

What is a Social Security number?

So, what is it? An SSN is a unique identifier issued by the Social Security Administration (SSA).

What do the numbers in your Social Security number mean?

The digits in your SSN have a unique configuration. What Social Security numbers mean isn’t a secret—but it isn’t very well known.

What does the area number mean on Social Security?

Your area number may indicate the state from which your SSN was issued or the ZIP code you used to apply if the SSA issued your number before 2011. However, since the change to a randomized system in 2011, there’s no Social Security number decoder or way to decipher what the numbers mean.

Why do we use middle two numbers?

Because the SSA issued SSNs before the era of computers, program administrators used the middle two numbers to organize the records into sub-groups. Each group number pointed to a specific area of filing cabinets, making the records easier to manage.

What do the first 3 digits of your Social Security mean?

The system changed again in 2011. What do the first 3 digits of your Social Security mean now? Nothing. SSNs are assigned using “randomization,” and the numbers are not tied to a specific location.

What is the last piece of the SSN puzzle?

The last piece of the SSN puzzle is the serial number . The serial number is the last four digits of your SSN.

What is the middle number of a SSN?

Group numbers are the two digits in the middle of your SSN. Your group number can range from 01 to 99. So, what do the middle numbers in Social Security mean?

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