Do members of Congress have security clearances?
Members of congress – even those in sensitive committee positions – do not receive or obtain security clearances in the same way that a member of the public would go about obtaining a security clearance based on job or military requirement.
Do members of Congress have to pay Social Security?
Members of Congress Don’t Have to Pay Social Security? Members of Congress do not have to participate in Social Security. An indifferently capitalized and punctuated chain email turned viral social media posting has been around for many years, bearing claims that some elected officials don’t pay into Social Security:
Do members of Congress have access to intelligence?
All members of Congress have access to intelligence by virtue of their elected positions, the CIA wrote in an explanation of how intelligence-sharing works. They do not receive security clearance, per se.
Do members of Congress get a pension?
But, depending on when the Member was elected, that person does receive a pension, access to a 401 (k)-like retirement account and, in many cases Social Security benefits. Members of Congress started paying into Social Security in 1984. These benefits are generally the same as other federal employees would receive.
Which committee has a separate oath?
Members of the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence – the committee with oversight over intelligence agencies including the CIA and NSA – have a separate oath, commensurate with their unique access to sensitive information.
Does the Senate have security?
Through the process of election and selection to a seat in the House of Representatives or Senate comes with it a certain public seal of access to information of a sensitive nature. (Few voters likely think about this when they vote, but it’s a key reason trustworthiness often plays a major role in politicking). Both the House and Senate do have security offices and staff – with the responsibility for overseeing access to classified information, among other things.
Is there a written rule for intelligence sharing?
According to the CIA’s Center for the Study of Intelligence: “There are no written rules, agreed to by both branches, governing what intelligence will be shared with the Hill or how it will be handled. The current system is entirely the product of experience, shaped by the needs and concerns of both branches over the last 20 years.”
Why do senators have automatic clearances?
The Senate and House Representatives having "automatic" clearances makes them desensitized to the criticality of keeping secrets secret, no matter the level of classification. Classified information of National Security importance are routinely traded among those that are in these positions as a sort of oneupmanship, i.e. "I know and you don’t". This is clearly indicated in the Bin Laden mission where the identities of the Navy Seals in the mission was publicly announced. Compartments are created on the basis of trust with the proviso they not be violated. Alas, too many abuse the privilege of knowledge. Let the entire clearance procedure be conducted on each and every Congressional member and those that are found undeserving, dismissed, those that have been nominated, elected, or potential candidates notwithstanding.
What happens if Congressmen don’t have clearances?
So if Congressmen have no clearances, then they also have no need to know access either, so if I brief them classified, I’m committing a secuirty violation which could cost me my clearance and my job. All they would get is an early retirement and full salary pension.
How often is a granted clearance reviewed?
A granted clearance would be continued and be reviewed every 4-5 years.
What is the role of Congress?
Congress is a coequal branch of government that is constitutionally required to oversee parts of the others, set funding for the others, etc. That would be impossible if access to secret information depended on suitability decisions carried out by the agencies they oversee. Instead, we rely on a vote of the people.
What would happen if the President had to get clearance?
If the President had to get clearance, the current administration could freeze people out of being allowed to run. But they do have a background check of sorts, it is called an election. The other party can investigate and release information and an informed electorate can make an educated decision.
Which agency oversees the security clearance process for congressional staffers?
The Office of Senate Security and Office of House Security, respectively, have oversight over the security clearance process for congressional staffers, and background investigations are conducted by the FBI. With increased congressional oversight of sensitive national security issues – and more scrutiny on both the issues and need for access – …
Is there a requirement for congressional security clearance?
With increased congressional oversight of sensitive national security issues – and more scrutiny on both the issues and need for access – the congressional security clearance procedures have come under scrutiny in recent years. An August 2011 CRS report proposed mandating security clearances for all members of congress. Despite several proposals and wrangling on both the legislative and executive sides (due to accusations of leaked information coming from both branches), requirements for members of congress or elected officials to obtain security clearances have never been passed.
What is the role of the Marshals Service?
The Marshals Service has broad legal authority to provide protection for almost anyone not given specific protection by law, hence their ability to provide protection for the secretary of education.
What does the Capitol Police do?
The Capitol Police also conduct risk assessments of every member of Congress and may, from time to time, establish a protective detail on a member if the threat matrix against them becomes pronounced.
What is the largest and broadest personal protective role in the federal government?
Perhaps the largest and broadest personal protective role in the federal government is the Department of Defense (DOD) and its component military branches that operate protective details on a wide range of DOD personnel and officers.
What are the factors that determine the peronsal?
Peronsal or executive protection is typically based on three factors: position, threats and risk. The president of the United States, for instance, triggers all three — it is an important position that typically receives many threats, and the risk of something happening to them would have enormous consequences.
How many people does the Secret Service protect?
Currently, the Secret Service provides protection to over 40 individuals on a full time bases and can provide temporary protection of almost 200 individuals — as happens every September during the United Nations General Assembly in New York City.
What is the secret service?
The Secret Service is often thought of — and sometimes confused — as the only agency within the federal government that protects people. While the Secret Service does protect a large array of individuals, the scope of that protection can be dwarfed by other federal agencies.
Why is the CIA protected?
The CIA director and some of their deputies, as well as the director of national intelligence, are also provided personal protection due to the nature of what they do and threats.
How often does the legislature take a secrecy oath?
The legislature must also take a secrecy oath once per term, swearing not to disclose classified intel.
Why is the President being accused of nepotism?
The president is being accused of nepotism for allegedly getting his son-in-law top level clearance.
Do senators need security clearances?
U.S. Senators and House representatives do not go through the standard security clearance process—that’s because they don’t need security clearances, according to Congressional Research Service Reports and the CIA. "Security clearances are not mandated for the president, vice president, members of Congress, Supreme Court justices, …
Do CRS reports need background checks?
Several CRS reports related to Congress and clearance concur, federal lawmakers appointed by the people to uphold the Constitution, do not need to go through rigorous background checks to read sensitive intel.
Do senators swear oaths of secrecy?
Senators and Representatives by virtue of their positions under the Constitution, are deemed trustworthy to see sensitive documents. They also swear an oath of secrecy each term.
Do Hill staffers need clearance?
Hill staffers working on intelligence committees, however, do need clearance and are given top priority in the queue.
Why was the CSRS not designed to coordinate with Social Security?
Because CSRS was not designed to coordinate with Social Security, Congress directed the development of a new retirement plan for federal workers. The result was the Federal Employees’ Retirement System Act of 1986 (P.L. 99-335). Members of Congress first elected in 1984 or later are covered automatically under the Federal Employees’ Retirement …
What was the Social Security Act of 1983?
The 1983 amendments to the Social Security Act (P.L. 98-21) required federal employees first hired after 1983 to participate in Social Security. These amendments also required all Members of Congress to participate in Social Security as of January 1, 1984, regardless of when they first entered Congress. Because CSRS was not designed to coordinate with Social Security, Congress directed the development of a new retirement plan for federal workers. The result was the Federal Employees’ Retirement System Act of 1986 (P.L. 99-335).
Why do people have a special retirement plan?
For all practical purposes, it works like this: When they retire, they continue to draw their same pay, until they die, except that it may be increased from time to time, by cost of living adjustments. ]
When did Congress start FERS?
Members of Congress first elected in 1984 or later are covered automatically under the Federal Employees’ Retirement System (FERS). All Senators and those Representatives serving as Members prior to September 30, 2003, may decline this coverage.
Does Congress have a retirement plan?
Congress does have its own retirement plan which pays a generous pension to retired members, plus they are eligible for the Thrift Savings Plan, a 401k-type investment program available to all federal employees.
Do members of Congress have to participate in Social Security?
Members of Congress do not have to participate in Social Security.